A patent is a form of legal protection of an invention that meets the statutory criteria for such protection. Patentee has the exclusive right to exploit the protected invention, to provide consent for the use it by others. Invention, on which a patent was granted, such a product, production equipment, chemical or manufacturing process must not be made without the consent of the owner, offered for sale or used by third parties for industrial or commercial purposes. If the patent relates to the production processes and procedures, the patent owner may prohibit third parties to use those procedures and processes. Prohibition rights can be applied also to products that are the direct result of the protected process or procedure.
Patents are granted for inventions which are new and are the result of inventive activities and they can be used in industrial area. Therefore, the manufacturing process and the product itself are patentable. The novelty lies in the fact that the solution is not a part of the state of the art. It is therefore a world novelty.
Particularly following are not considered for an invention: discoveries, scientific theories and mathematical methods, aesthetic creations, schemes, rules and methods for performing mental acts, playing games or doing business, computer programs, or information providing. Patents cannot be granted to plant varieties and animal breeds and biological production of plants and animals, methods of surgical or therapeutic treatment and diagnostic methods practiced on human or animal body and for inventions whose exploitation would be contrary to public order or morality.